- Polymorphic workers, can vary in size
- Do not sting however can have a painful bite
- Nest in wood causing damage
- Signs of infestation include piles of sawdust with insect parts inside and foraging trails of workers outside near tree roots, shrubs, mulch piles, anywhere wood is available
- Most active between sunset and sunrise
- Solitary bees that nest generally in weathered or unpainted wood.
- Males aggressive but have no stinger, female has stinger but is rarely known to sting
- Female lays eggs 4-6’’ inside of hollowed out wood and lays 5-6 eggs per hole. Eggs take up to 36 days to hatch.
- Adult bees will overwinter inside of empty nest tunnels
- Will bore holes into painted or stained wood but typically go for unpainted or unstained wood